On Georgian side during the 2008 Russia-Georgia war
killed wounded
412 2232
people
Since the war in 2008
several dozen cases of murder happened
at the occupied by Russia territories
Since the 2008 war Russian occupation forces
illegally detained
1146
Georgian citizens with the accusation of crossing the dividing line.
Since the 2008 war
Georgia lost control over
125
more villages.
20.272
citizens of Georgia had to give up their fortunes
and properties and flee their villages.
All of them live with the status of
Internally Displaced People up today
The online project 08.08.08 preserves the memories
and recollects biographies, stories of people and events
that are missing from political and media discourse.
Lia
Gaiozi
Gaioz and Lili
Natela
Gogia
Dali
The Tower
Eteri
Sophio
Vakhtang and Makvala
Lia
Tina
Iakob and Tamar
Sister Mariam
Man from Perevi
Vakho
Lost
Akaki
Nelly
Zina
Compot
Evandi and Ziana
Lia
Vaja
Luisa
Magda
Maguli
Madina
Swallows
Madonna
Manana
Mzia
Margo
Tamara
Makho
Galina
Nargiza and Jemal
Nana
Nino
Giviko
Tengo
Ulyana
Fridon and Leila
Zoya
Irakli
Ketevan and Mito
Keto and Leri
Shermadine
Tsisana
Tsitsino, Eliko and Zoia
Tsitsino
Madonna from Knolevi

2003

Sokhumi's first statement after the Rose Revolution
1
december
Sokhumi's first statement after the Rose Revolution

„Abkhazian side hopes that in future Georgia and Abkhazia will develop their relations based on equal rights as two independent states. Abkhazia does not intend to review its political status", - Maxim Ghvinjilia - representative of Foreign Ministry of de-facto Republic of Abkhazia.

Putin's statement
18
december
Putin's statement

„Russia will support Georgia's territorial integrity provided the rights of the people living in the conflict regions are not violated," - Vladimir Putin

2004

Saakashvili unexpectedly visits Tskhinvali
3
january
Saakashvili unexpectedly visits Tskhinvali

Presidential candidate Mikheil Saakashvili visits Tskhinvali region and meets the local population without coordinating the visit with South Ossetian party and OSCE. He says his goal is to establish peace and restore the country's territorial integrity. "This gesture of his was symbolic and we didn't prevent it. In future such unauthorized visits to Tskhinvali region without our preliminary consent will not happen." - President of self-proclaimed South Ossetian Republic Eduard Kokoiti says.

Georgian Abkhazian talks in Tbilisi
10
february
Georgian Abkhazian talks in Tbilisi

For the first time in years Abkhazian delegation headed by de-facto Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergei Shamba visits Tbilisi for a day.

Saakashvili meets Putin in Moscow
11
february
Saakashvili meets Putin in Moscow

„We managed to find a common ground. Unlike my predecessor (Shevardnadze) I had no problems with him," - President Saakashvili said. The Presidents agreed to start working on restoring railway between Russia and Georgia going through Abkhazia and returning internally displaced persons to their homes.

Tbilisi's support to Moscow
17
february
Tbilisi's support to Moscow

Georgia supports Russia's accession to World Trade Organization.

Moscow increases its influence on Tskhinvali
1
may
Moscow increases its influence on Tskhinvali

Afghanistan and Chechen war veteran, colonel of Russian army Barankevich is appointed Minister of Defense of de-facto South Ossetian Republic. Putin signs a document concerning intensification of political, social-economic and military cooperation between Russia and self-proclaimed South Ossetia.

Saakashvili's offer to Tskhinvali and Sukhumi
26
may
Saakashvili's offer to Tskhinvali and Sukhumi

President of Georgia addresses Abkhazians and South Ossetians in their native languages: Tbilisi is ready to offer Abkhazian and South Ossetian self-proclaimed republics wide autonomies within the Georgian state.

Additional Russian military equipment in Tskhinvali region
6
june
Additional Russian military equipment in Tskhinvali region

Russia sends 70 T-72 tanks, 20 "Grads", 30 self-propelled artillery platforms as well as large amounts of grenade launchers, weapons and ammunition to Tskhinvali region.

Closure of Ergneti Market
11
june
Closure of Ergneti Market

Georgian authorities said due to contraband, the Ergneti Market results in $120 million losses annually for the state treasury, therefore the authorities decided to close it down. The Market was the place of most intensive interactions and communication between the people living on both sides of the dividing line in the conflict zone.

Ultimatum to Tskhinvali
22
june
Ultimatum to Tskhinvali

During the military trainings held on the South Ossetian controlled territory, Tamar Ghambashidze was wounded in Argveti village. Minister of the Interior of Georgia Irakli Okruashvili gives 48 hours to South Ossetian law-enforcers for capturing the culprit.

Saakashvili's statement
26
june
Saakashvili's statement

„Situation in South Ossetia will be resolved in the way it was done in Adjara, the people themselves will do it in a very short period of time," - Mikheil Saakashvili said.

Detention of the Russian convoy
7
july
Detention of the Russian convoy

Georgian Internal Troops detained vehicles laden with Russian peacekeepers' weapons, ammunition and military uniforms. "Such large amounts of weapons cannot be intended for peacekeeping purposes. We will take these vehicles to Gori and launch investigation," - Minister of the Interior of Georgia Irakli Okruashvili said. Russia stated that issue concerning the supplying of military equipment to peacekeepers was part of the agreement achieved by Joint Control Commission, Russia called the detention a "provocation". This resulted in the escalation of Georgian-Ossetian conflict, which ended on August 19, 2004.

Tskhinvali's response
8
july
Tskhinvali's response

Georgian Internal Troops increase the contingent of Georgian Peacekeeping Forces without coordinating this issue with Ossetian and Russian sides. In response to detention of the Russian military convoy and uncoordinated increase of Georgian peacekeeping contingent, Ossetians occupy Vanati village and imprison up to 90 Georgian peacekeepers. Georgian prisoners are taken to Tskhinvali, where they are forced to kneel in the town's main square.

Georgian peacekeepers are released
9
july
Georgian peacekeepers are released

„Kokoiti will regret it dearly, he forced our soldiers to kneel. We will never forgive him that," - Minister of the Interior of Georgia Irakli Okruashvili said. In response, de-facto President of South Ossetia Eduard Kokoiti accused Georgian side of attempting to launch "military actions" in the region. "Georgia wants war and we are ready for self-defense," - Kokoiti said.

Georgian Coordination Center in South Ossetia
10
july
Georgian Coordination Center in South Ossetia

The Center is situated in the village of Eredvi and it is headed by Minister Irakli Okruashvili, which implies systematic entering into the conflict zone.

Saakashvili's promise
10
july
Saakashvili's promise

President of Georgia says he managed to establish friendly relations with Putin; however, according to him, certain forces in Russia didn't want peace in Georgia. "Georgian authorities will do their best in order to avert being dragged into a large-scale conflict; however, we still need to be ready for everything," Saakashvili says and adds that Georgia would restore its control over Tskhinvali region soon.

Russia demands withdrawal of Georgian troops
13
july
Russia demands withdrawal of Georgian troops

„Currently there are up to 3,000 Georgian troops in the conflict zone," - Russian Minister of Defense Sergei Ivanov says. "It raises tensions." - he added. According to Ivanov, under the joint agreement, the parties have no right to have more than 500 troops in Joint Peacekeeping Forces deployed in the conflict zone . Georgian authorities deny having extra military forces in the conflict zone.

Casualties in Tskhinvali Region
1
august
Casualties in Tskhinvali Region

„Two Georgians were lightly wounded. According to our sources, at least six Ossetians died. We opened fire only after South Ossetians attacked us. "We will open fire and respond adequately to all other attacks in future as well," - Georgian Minister of the Interior Irakli Okruashvili said. By the end of July local skirmishes became more intensive. Parties accused each other of instigating hostilities.

Casualties in Didi Liakhvi Valley
12
august
Casualties in Didi Liakhvi Valley

Three Georgians died. Fire was mainly opened from the village of Sarabuki toward the Georgian-controlled villages, which was followed by return fire from the Georgian side. Tskhinvali does not report any news about the wounded.

Two Georgians die in the conflict zone
16
august
Two Georgians die in the conflict zone

Mutual fire continues the whole night in the Tskhinvali region, two Georgian soldiers die near Eredvi and Tamarasheni villages; Tbilisi's reports concerning the 15 dead Ossetians are not confirmed by Tskhinvali.

Three Georgian soldiers die in Eredvi
17
august
Three Georgian soldiers die in Eredvi

Nine Georgian soldiers died in the conflict zone during the course of the last week. According to Tbilisi, up to 20 men died on the Ossetian side, most of whom were hired North-Caucasians. This report is not confirmed by Tskhinvali. According to Georgian side, the reason for intensified attacks on Eredvi is the desire to establish control on the byroad that has an essential importance as it connects Georgian-controlled villages north of Tskhinvali with Tbilisi bypassing Tskhinvali.

Seven Georgian soldiers killed
18
august
Seven Georgian soldiers killed

As a result of firefight that lasted the whole night, 7 more Georgian soldiers were killed in Tskhinvali region. Total amount of casualties among Georgian troops during the last week equaled 16. Due to heavy shelling, the wounded couldn't be moved from the war zone that mainly encompassed Georgian-controlled villages of Eredvi and Vanati. Georgian Security Minister Vano Merabishvili visited the village of Eredvi late at night. South Ossetians accused Georgians of opening fire.

Georgia withdraws additional weaponry from the conflict zone
19
august
Georgia withdraws additional weaponry from the conflict zone

According to President Saakashvili, Tbilisi is ready to withdraw all additional military troops from the conflict zone that were deployed there on July 8 without coordinating it with the other parties. Tbilisi is also ready to hand over the strategic heights held by Georgian internal troops and Ministry of Security over to the tripartite (Georgian-Russian-Ossetian) peacekeeping forces.

Plan for "gradual resolution" of conflicts
21
september
Plan for "gradual resolution" of conflicts

Saakashvili addresses UN General Assembly and underscores the necessity of taking several steps. These are: demilitarization of the conflict zone, internationalization of peacekeeping forces and granting the self-proclaimed regions wide autonomies.

Zhvania-Kokoiti meeting in Sochi
5
november
Zhvania-Kokoiti meeting in Sochi

The parties sign a memorandum on full demilitarization of the conflict zone. Only Joint Peacekeeping Forces would control the situation in the region.

Offering a federal status to the region
17
december
Offering a federal status to the region

Mikheil Saakashvili ordered the government to prepare peace plans for resolving Abkhazian and South Ossetian conflicts. He wants to grant the highest (federal) statuses to the self-proclaimed republics within the Georgian state.

2005

New peace plan
26
january
New peace plan

Georgia presented a peace plan for resolving the conflict in South Ossetia to the Council of Europe.

Terrorist act in Gori
1
february
Terrorist act in Gori

Three police officers were killed as a result of a terrorist attack that took place in front of Gori police station. More than 10 people were wounded. Georgian authorities indicated that the terrorist attack was planned by foreign forces.

Peace process suspended
20
september
Peace process suspended

When the authorities of the self-proclaimed South Ossetian Republic were celebrating Independence Day in Tskhinvali, an artillery fire was allegedly opened from Georgian-controlled village of Nikozi. As a result of the explosion of three mines, seven civilians, including a two-year old child, were wounded. Georgian authorities denied any connection with the events that took place in Tskhinvali. That incident stopped the peace process.

Decree on withdrawal of Russian peacekeepers
11
october
Decree on withdrawal of Russian peacekeepers

Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs called the decree issued by the Georgian Parliament "provocative".

Tbilisi calls Tskhinvali authorities a "criminal regime"
26
november
Tbilisi calls Tskhinvali authorities a "criminal regime"

On November 26 Georgian Ministry of the Interior published a diagram on its official website titled "Criminal Regime of the So-called South Ossetian Authorities". The photo of the South Ossetian leader Eduard Kokoiti was displayed at the head of the diagram with an inscription reading: "Racketeering, contraband, kidnapping, corruption, oppression of political opponents."

2006

Peace plan of the Abkhazian side
24
january
Peace plan of the Abkhazian side

Sukhumi first of all demands international guarantees for non-renewal of military operations. Baghapsh named abolishment of "Abkhazia's international isolation" as another step toward conflict resolution.

Agreement on restoring the Coordination Council
29
march
Agreement on restoring the Coordination Council

Georgian and Abkhazian sides reached an agreement to restore the Coordination Council. Irakli Alasania visits Sukhumi as the President's Advisor. Sergei Shamba calls the meeting with Alasania "unusually fruitful".

Agreement on withdrawal of Russian military bases
31
march
Agreement on withdrawal of Russian military bases

Georgia and Russia signed two agreements - one was about withdrawal of Russian military bases from Batumi and Akhalkalaki, while another agreement granted Russia the right to transport military cargos on the territory of Georgia. President Saakashvili called these agreements "historic" and assessed them as "victories of Georgia's constructive diplomacy."

New Russian military base in South Ossetia
1
may
New Russian military base in South Ossetia

Construction of a new Russian military base starts near Java, the base is intended for 2,500 troops. Russia launches consultations with Abkhazia and "South Ossetia" on their state statuses.

Explosion in Tskhinvali
9
july
Explosion in Tskhinvali

Secretary of self-proclaimed South Ossetia's Security Council Oleg Albarov was killed as a result of the explosion. Commander of Joint Peacekeeping Forces Marat Kulakhmetov said the incident was a "very well planned provocation" Head of Georgian President's Administration Giorgi Arveladze called the incident a criminal showdown between Tskhinvali officials.

Demands concerning termination of Russian peacekeeping mission
18
july
Demands concerning termination of Russian peacekeeping mission

„Actions of Russian Federation's armed forces in Abkhazia and former Autonomous Region of South Ossetia are one of the main barriers in terms of peaceful resolution of the conflicts" - reads the decree in which Russia is accused of "permanent attempts to annex parts of Georgian territory."

Saakashvili's visit to Moscow is cancelled
21
july
Saakashvili's visit to Moscow is cancelled

Georgian President's planned visit to Moscow and his meeting with President Putin is cancelled.

Operation in Kodori Valley
27
july
Operation in Kodori Valley

On July 25 Georgian authorities decided to deploy legitimate government of Abkhazia in Kodori Valley and launched a military operation with a view to disarming the military group called "Monadire" controlled by Shevardnadze-era local governor Emzar Kvitsiani.

Road Map"
22
september
Road Map"

During the session of UN General Assembly President Saakashvili stated that Russia was annexing Georgian regions and that international community had to replace Russian peacekeeping format in Georgia's conflict zones. Saakashvili presented an outline of "New Road Map", which envisaged demilitarization of Abkhazia and South Ossetia with active participation of UN, OSCE, EU and other international organizations.

Russia ceases transport communication with Georgia
2
october
Russia ceases transport communication with Georgia

Official Moscow named arrears of Georgian airline carriers accrued since 2001 towards Russia as a reason for ceasing transport communication with Georgia, the arrears amounted to $3.6 million. Russian MPs also discussed the possibility of banning remittances from Russia to Georgia.

Alternative elections and referendum
12
november
Alternative elections and referendum

Two elections and two referendums took place on the territory of South Ossetia at the same time. Eduard Kokoiti was elected "President" in the elections organized by separatist authorities and the population voted for the region's independence in the referendum held alongside the elections. Whereas former Prime Minister of South Ossetia Dimitri Sanakoev won the "alternative elections" supported by Tbilisi, during the referendum held alongside those elections the voters supported the idea of creating a united federal state with Georgia. Moscow recognized Kokoiti as President.

2007

Kosovo and conflicts in CIS
21
january
Kosovo and conflicts in CIS

Russian President Vladimir Putin once again stated that Kosovo's recognition would be a precedent for CIS countries too. "If we are ignoring the principle of territorial integrity, then other nationalities also have the right to say: We will share that attitude."

Fire-fight at the checkpoint
1
february
Fire-fight at the checkpoint

Georgian checkpoint situated in the village of Ergneti was fired upon from the direction of Tskhinvali during the night. Georgian police officers were forced to open the return fire, as a result one person was wounded. South Ossetian side confirmed the wounding of one person and the fire-fight incident; however, according to them, this was a return fire after the south side of Tskhinvali was attacked with automatic weapons and grenade launchers.

Bombing of Kodori Valley villages
11
march
Bombing of Kodori Valley villages

Kodori Valley villages of Chkhalta, Ghentsvisi and Azhara were bombed in the evening of March 11. Tbilisi stated that Zemo Kodori Valley was bombed by Russian military helicopters and Abkhazian armed groups. Foreign Minister of self-proclaimed Abkhazian Republic Sergei Shamba said Abkhazian fighters had nothing to do with the incident and that it was a skirmish between Emzar Kvitsiani supporters and Georgian armed forces deployed in Kodori.

is running out" Saakashvili said.
19
june
is running out" Saakashvili said.

"South Ossetian separatist leader Eduard Kokoiti's time is running out" - Saakashvili said during his visit to Baku. President stated that during the course of next few months Tbilisi would start talks with head of South Ossetia's temporary administration Dimitri Sanakoev on defining the autonomous status for the region. "We will give Ossetians everything they have every dreamed of in Georgia. This is a matter of next several months." - the President said.

New autonomy status
5
july
New autonomy status

State Committee formed in accordance with the President's decree started to work on defining autonomous status of South Ossetia. Tbilisi launched a "comprehensive process" of defining autonomous status of South Ossetia for the second time in two years. South Ossetia's de-facto authorities called this process "illegal" and "absurd".

Pandarast" campaign
23
july
Pandarast" campaign

Speaker of Temporary Administration of South Ossetia Vladimir Sanakoev said a major public campaign was being launched and that its aim was to oust South Ossetian leader Eduard Kokoiti. According to him, the peaceful campaign called "Kokoiti Pandarast" would be conducted by South Ossetian people. "Kokoiti and his regime are the main obstacles on the road to peace in the region." - Sanakoev said.

Tbilisi accuses Moscow of bombing
6
august
Tbilisi accuses Moscow of bombing

Five months after the bombing of Zemo Kodori Valley Georgian authorities said at least one Russian bomber violated Georgia's airspace and that at least one bomb was fired during the raid. The bomb fell near the villages of Tsitelubani and Shavshvebi (Gori district). Two groups of international experts supported that version. Russian special investigative group didn't agree with those conclusions and called the incident "Georgian provocation". During the debates in OSCE the United States openly supported Georgia, whereas EU held a neutral position.

Saakashvili criticizes UN
6
september
Saakashvili criticizes UN

President Saakashvili said Georgia didn't need UN's "immoral and pitiful" recommendations. Tbilisi was dissatisfied with UN Secretary General's July 24 Report on Abkhazia, where the Secretary General called upon Tbilisi to remove a youth camp from the conflict zone. Saakashvili said Georgia was demanding answers and a report on what UN and other organizations did for mitigating the results of mindless and cruel crimes perpetrated against humanity.

Skirmish in Kodori Valley
20
september
Skirmish in Kodori Valley

Two former Russian officers were killed and seven Abkhazian combatants were detained during a skirmish with Georgian police forces in Kodori Valley. Tbilisi and Sukhumi presented different accounts of the incident. Investigation carried out by UN Observer Mission in Georgia confirmed the Abkhazian version of the incident. Georgian authorities said they would release Abkhazian combatants and hand them over to Sukhumi Office of UN Observer Mission in Georgia as a sign of good will.

„Conflict resolution is a matter of months"
4
december
„Conflict resolution is a matter of months"

„Tskhinvali regime is loosened like a tooth that needs to be removed and I'm sure that this is really a matter of weeks or months. I have accurate information about that." - Mikheil Saakashvili said.

2008

New road on Mushaki ridge
4
february
New road on Mushaki ridge

During the inspection of Botlikh Mountain Infantry Brigade Putin categorically demands quick completion of road going through Mushaki Ridge; he said: "This will be one more corridor to Georgia."

An advice from Russian Duma
21
march
An advice from Russian Duma

Russian State Duma calls upon the Kremlin to consider the possibility of recognizing Abkhazian and South Ossetian independence. The document also calls upon the Russian government to consider "the possibility of strengthening [Russian] peacekeeping forces deployed in Georgian-Abkhazian and Georgian-Ossetian conflict zones."

One more peace initiative from Saakashvili
28
march
One more peace initiative from Saakashvili

President Saakashvili offered Sukhumi one more peace proposal, which envisaged creation of joint free economic zones as well as a common customs and border area. "If we all work on that issue, I'm sure the ice will start to melt, otherwise, all of us, Georgia, including Abkhazians, will have to expect a very obscure future full of risks."- Saakashvili said.

Russia doubles the amount of its "peacekeepers" in Abkhazia
1
april
Russia doubles the amount of its "peacekeepers" in Abkhazia

Russia doubles the amount of its "peacekeepers" in Abkhazia without consulting Georgia and includes units of Novorossiysk Airborne Infantry Division in "peacekeeping forces" in violation of all agreements.

Putin tightens control
16
april
Putin tightens control

Vladimir Putin's new initiative implies opening of official Russian representations in de-facto South Ossetian and Abkhazian structures - "in order to establish direct official cooperation with the relevant bodies of both self-proclaimed republics."

Unmanned aerial vehicle in Abkhazia
20
april
Unmanned aerial vehicle in Abkhazia

Russian plane shot down a Georgian drone in Abkhazia.

Bus explosion in Khurcha
21
may
Bus explosion in Khurcha

During the Parliamentary elections in Georgia, footage of bus explosion near Abkhazian administrative border in the village of Khurcha was broadcast by TV stations. Tbilisi said Abkhazian separatists opened fire on the people coming to Georgian-controlled areas in order to participate in the elections. "We have investigated that incident and concluded that there are very many issues that cast doubt on the official version. It's strange that the place where the explosion took place is in no way connected with the road voters had to use in order to participate in elections." - International observer Aege Borchgrevink said.

Russian military exercises
30
june
Russian military exercises

North Caucasus Military District units and Russian Federal Security Service troops start military exercises near Georgian borders.

Explosion of Sanakoev's car
3
july
Explosion of Sanakoev's car

Head of Temporary Administration of South Ossetia Dimitri Sanakoev's vehicle tripped a mine and his convoy was ambushed by gunmen. Three bodyguards were wounded. Ministry of the Interior of Georgia stated that Sanakoev's car "blew up on the mine placed by Ossetian separatists". Moscow said it was a "staged incident". Georgian law-enforcers didn't allow observers from Russian peacekeeping forces and OSCE to investigate the area. Starting from the night of July 4 fire-fights between Georgian and Ossetian forces never ceased, which eventually culminated in the August 8 Russian-Georgian War.

Explosion in Gali
6
july
Explosion in Gali

Four persons were killed and six were severely wounded as a result of explosion that took place in the town of Gali. Head of Gali district Security Service Jansugh Muratia and UN Mission's Gali sector interpreter Anzor Lagvilava were among the casualties. Abkhazian leader Sergei Baghapsh blamed the incident on Tbilisi and said Georgia "started down the path of state terrorism". Georgian authorities called the accusations "absurd" and connected the explosion to power struggle among Abkhazian criminal groups.

US statement on Abkhazia
7
july
US statement on Abkhazia

US Department of State said there was "an utmost necessity" of forming international police forces in self-proclaimed Abkhazia. United States condemned the explosions that took place in the region including the Gali incident. Georgian government noted that it was ready to form a joint Georgian-Abkhazian police force in Gali and Ochamchire under the international supervision. Sukhumi and Moscow were categorically against these changes.

Condoleezza Rice's visit to Tbilisi
10
july
Condoleezza Rice's visit to Tbilisi

During her visit to Tbilisi Rice said conflicts in Georgia had to be resolved in a peaceful manner based on the principle of Georgia's territorial integrity. Rice once again repeated that the United States was concerned by Russia's actions in self-proclaimed regions as they didn't encourage peaceful resolution of the conflicts.

Demonstration of military force
15
july
Demonstration of military force

Russia's North Caucasian Military District launched large-scale military exercises titled "Caucasus 2008"; 8,000 troops took part in the exercises from Russian army, internal troops and border guards from Federal Security Service. At the same time, 2,000 troops mainly from the United States and Georgia commenced military exercises titled "Immediate Response - 2008" on Vaziani military base. Troops from Armenia, Azerbaijan and Ukraine also took part in the exercises. US Lieutenant General William Garrett said the main goal of the exercises was to deepen cooperation between the US and Georgian military forces.

Russia opens a new military hospital
25
july
Russia opens a new military hospital

Russian Defense Ministry's Special Medical Team opens a new military hospital in Tarskoe firing range, which could handle 300 wounded per day.

Military bases in South Ossetia
26
july
Military bases in South Ossetia

Russia completes construction of military bases in Tskhinvali and Java.

Peacekeepers are not allowed in Cholibauri
28
july
Peacekeepers are not allowed in Cholibauri

Command Headquarters of Joint Peacekeeping Forces in the conflict zone said South Ossetian armed forces didn't allow peacekeepers and OSCE observers to conduct the monitoring in the village of Cholibauri. Georgian authorities claimed the Ossetian armed forces were building fortifications near the village.

Police officers blown up in the conflict zone
1
august
Police officers blown up in the conflict zone

At 8 a.m. Georgian police pickup truck was blown up on two roadside bombs that were remotely detonated. Five Georgian policemen were wounded in the attack. Intensive firefight started in the evening of that day and lasted through the whole night. Both sides blamed each other for opening fire first. During the attack on Georgian villages of Zemo and Kvemo Nikozi, Avnevi, Nuli, Ergneti, Eredvi and Zemo Prisi six civilians and one police officer were wounded. Tskhinvali said 6 Ossetian fighters were killed and 15 were wounded in the firefight.

Evacuation of Tskhinvali
2
august
Evacuation of Tskhinvali

Commander of Russia's Airborne Infantry Forces Valeri Evtukhovich said "Russia would not allow hurting of citizens living in South Ossetia" and that Airborne Infantry Forces were ready to defend the Russian peacekeepers. Eduard Kokoiti said "North Caucasian volunteers" could join the fight against Georgia. Tskhinvali announced the evacuation of women and children.

August 3 timeline
3
august
August 3 timeline

According to Georgian authorities, Ossetian forces opened fire on Georgian police checkpoint near the village of Dvani. Tskhinvali accused Tbilisi of firing in the direction of Muguti village. Georgian intelligence reported that units of Reconnaissance Battalion of Russia's 58th Army entered Java district through Roki tunnel. Minister of the Interior of de-facto South Ossetia threatened to bomb Georgian towns situated south of Tskhinvali namely "Gori, Kareli and one of the resort areas".

August 4 timeline
4
august
August 4 timeline

Firefight between Tskhinvali-controlled village of Dmenisi and Georgian peacekeepers deployed on Sarabuki heights broke out. Eduard Kokoiti said 300 volunteers have already arrived from North Ossetia in order to help South Ossetian armed forces and that 2,000 more were on their way. Leader of Russian Cossacks and Member of Russian Parliament Viktor Vodolatski said the Cossacks were ready to assist "South Ossetian state" at a word.

Russian military forces occupy Roki tunnel
5
august
Russian military forces occupy Roki tunnel

Two Georgian peacekeepers were wounded during the firefight on Sarabuki heights. Tskhinvali said the first groups of "volunteers" had arrived from Russia and that volunteer groups of Don Cossacks were being formed. Russia deployed units of 33rd Motorized Infantry Company in South Ossetia, while 135th and 693rd Motorized Regiments were stationed on the Russian side of the Roki tunnel.

Battle for Sarabuki heights
6
august
Battle for Sarabuki heights

Intensive fire was opened in the direction of Avnevi, Dvani, Eredvi, Khetagurovo, Nuli, Prinevi, Ubiati and Zemo Prisi villages. Fire was opened against Georgian peacekeeping checkpoint on Sarabuki heights. Three Georgian peacekeepers were wounded. Tskhinvali refuses to participate in the de-escalation talks planned for August 7.

August 7 timeline
7
august
August 7 timeline

Russian military forces and equipment enter Georgia via Roki tunnel. Georgian Ministry of the Interior said bombing of Georgian villages of Nuli and Avnevi resumed at around noon. After talking with Eduard Kokoiti Sergei Baghapsh said North Caucasus Military District Battalion had entered Tskhinvali region. Two Georgian peacekeepers were killed and five were wounded in the village of Avnevi. 14:30 - Georgian Ministry of Defense orders the country's military forces to move towards Tskhinvali. Head of de-facto South Ossetia's Security Council accuses Georgia of launching "a military aggression against South Ossetia". 19:10 - President of Georgia announces a ceasefire, expresses his readiness for concessions and urges Tskhinvali and Moscow to resume talks. 20:30 - Ceasefire agreement was violated, Avnevi, Prisi, Tamarasheni and other villages come under fire. Russian forces started to invade Georgia via Roki tunnel. US Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Matthew Bryza urges Georgian officials to not confront Russian military forces. 23:35 - President Saakashvili orders United Headquarters of Defense Ministry to stop the movement of Russian Federation's army forces; destroy positions from where fire was opened against civilians, Georgian peacekeepers and police officers; protect peaceful population of Tskhinvali region.

Tbilisi controls a large part of South Ossetia
8
august
Tbilisi controls a large part of South Ossetia

According to de-facto South Ossetian authorities, Georgian forces "launched an attack against Tskhinvali" by 01:00. According to Russian peacekeeping forces, both sides were using heavy military equipment and Tskhinvali was being bombed from "Grad" multiple rocket launchers. Saakashvili says Tskhinvali and most of the region except for Java district are under Georgian control. "This was a heavy and very difficult battle for each building. Our soldiers demonstrated great heroism." President Saakashvili said Georgian armed forces launched their attack after Ossetian separatists answered Georgian peaceful initiatives with bombing of Georgian villages.

Bombing of Gori
8
august
Bombing of Gori

Two Russian military planes dropped five bombs in Gori. "We will not let anyone hurt out peacekeepers and Russian citizens," - Russian Defense Ministry's statement read. President Saakashvili says 150 Russian tanks, armored vehicles and other types of armored equipment "were entering the Georgian territory [South Ossetia] through Roki tunnel right at this moment."

Russia's large-scale military invasion of Georgia
9
august
Russia's large-scale military invasion of Georgia

Dozens of people were killed as a result of bombing of Kombinat district and military base in Gori as well as Poti port and Senaki military base by Russian military planes. Kodori Valley was bombed by Russian planes, while Abkhazian armed forces launched a land operation in the Valley. UN Security Council that convened in New York failed to agree on the statement regarding the situation in South Ossetia. Russian Ambassador to UN Vitaly Churkin accused Georgia of "ethnic cleansing". Georgian Ambassador to UN Irakli Alasania said Russia was using that absurd allegation as a pretext for "justifying its military aggression against Georgia." President Saakashvili applied to the Parliament with a request to declare the state of emergency on the whole territory of Georgia.

Russian planes bomb Tbilisi airport
10
august
Russian planes bomb Tbilisi airport

On August 10 at 19:00 Russian planes bombed the territory of Tbilisi International Airport. Russian bombers also dropped bombs in Anaklia. Nobody was hurt as a result of those attacks. A few hours before the attack Georgia offered a ceasefire to Russia and expressed its readiness to renew negotiations. Chairperson of Georgian National Security Council Alexander Lomaia said Russian bombs in Tbilisi were a proof that Russia's invasion of Georgia was not only about Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

Explosion at the Tbilisi Sea
11
august
Explosion at the Tbilisi Sea

Russian bombers attacked the Tbilisi Sea at a radiolactic station on the Makhata Mount near Tbilisi at 11:00 am on August 11, 2013. The station served Tbilisi International Airport. There were no casualties, and the second bomb was dropped by the Russian airplane in an unsettled area in Tbilisi.
"There is no threat to Tbilisi at all, at least till tomorrow," Saakashvili said. "Please stay at home, we will inform you about the situation in every hour."

George W. Bush addresses Moscow
12
august
George W. Bush addresses Moscow

„I am deeply concerned with the news coming from the conflict zone about advancement of Russian military forces, about their attack on Gori and targeting of Georgian capital Tbilisi," - George W. Bush said during a briefing in the White House.

August 12 timeline
12
august
August 12 timeline

Tens of thousands of people gather in Tbilisi in order to express solidarity. The protest rally is accompanied with music and songs. Some citizens regard that form of support towards the authorities inappropriate and severely criticize the rally. Presidents of Estonia, Lithuania, Ukraine and Poland as well as Latvian Prime Minister arrive in Georgia to demonstrate solidarity with and support to Georgia. The same night Russian helicopter opens fire on a civilian minibus near Gori - nine passengers are killed. Eight civilians were killed and 15 were injured during the bombing of Gori's central square. De-facto Abkhazian authorities say they have a full control of Upper Abkhazia (Kodori Valley). "Kodori Valley is fully deserted. This is a classic example of ethnic cleansing," - Mikheil Saakashvili says. On August 12 during a meeting with French President Nicolas Sarkozy Russian President Dmitry Medvedev supports a six-point plan elaborated by the EU concerning the cessation of hostilities in Georgia. Sarkozy travels to Tbilisi from Moscow. Saakashvili signs the ceasefire agreement the same day.

Movements of Russian troops
13
august
Movements of Russian troops

Neither Tbilisi nor Moscow confirms that Russian troops are planning to move towards Tbilisi. "Their military equipment is entering our towns and villages, but there are no grounds for panic," - Deputy Minister of the Interior of Georgia Eka Zghuladze said, "No heavy equipment or convoy has started marching on Tbilisi." Russian troops are deliberately destroying infrastructure of the occupied areas, including in Gori.

Movements of Russian troops
13
august
Movements of Russian troops

Neither Tbilisi nor Moscow confirms that Russian troops are planning to move towards Tbilisi. "Their military equipment is entering our towns and villages, but there are no grounds for panic," - Deputy Minister of the Interior of Georgia Eka Zghuladze said, "No heavy equipment or convoy has started marching on Tbilisi." Russian troops are deliberately destroying infrastructure of the occupied areas, including in Gori.

More than 60 thousand internally displaced persons
16
august
More than 60 thousand internally displaced persons

Number of IDPs in Tbilisi reached 60 thousand. They were housed in up to 500 buildings, mainly kindergartens and schools. These figures do not include the IDPs from Kodori Valley, who were housed in west Georgia.

More than 120 thousand internally displaced persons
22
august
More than 120 thousand internally displaced persons

Up to 120 thousand people flee from their homes. Main road connecting eastern and western parts of Georgia was blocked by Russian troops till August 22 when they left Gori. Even after the road was reopened Minister of the Interior Vano Merabishvili urged the population to refrain from traveling on that road as the police were checking nearby bridges and strategic sites for mines. Russian soldiers opened a checkpoint in the village of Karaleti - 5 kilometers from Gori.

US ships in the Black Sea
24
august
US ships in the Black Sea

US destroyer USS McFaul entered Batumi port on August 24 and brought more than 70 metric tons of humanitarian aid. Meanwhile Poti situated 75 kilometers from that place was still under Russian control. Poti port's infrastructure was damaged as a result of Russian aerial attacks. Two more American ships are expected in Georgian territorial waters.

Recognition of Abkhazia's and South Ossetia's independence
26
august
Recognition of Abkhazia's and South Ossetia's independence

Russian President signs documents on recognition of Abkhazia's and South Ossetia's independence. Dmitry Medvedev says Russia's recognition is based on the results of referendums. Before that he meets with de-facto presidents of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. On August 26 Mikheil Saakashvili said Russia had "made an unimaginable strategic mistake", which now had to be answered by the West.

Burnt villages on the map
29
august
Burnt villages on the map

UNOSAT publishes satellite images showing the burnt Georgian villages in Tskhinvali region. Human Rights Watch says Tamarasheni, Kekhvi, Kvemo Achabeti, Zemo Achabeti and Kurta are destroyed as a result of fire and bombings. Map shows fires on August 10, 12, 13, 17, 19 and 22, whereas hostilities in the area ceased on August 10.

Russia violates the agreement
8
september
Russia violates the agreement

French and Russian Presidents agreed that Russia would withdraw its forces from areas adjacent to Abkhazia and South Ossetia within a month and that UN and OSCE observers in Georgia would carry on implementing their mandates. However, Russia still doesn't observe the terms of the agreement and achieves withdrawal of UN and OSCE missions from the conflict zones.

Moscow's agreement with Sukhumi and Tskhinvali
17
september
Moscow's agreement with Sukhumi and Tskhinvali

Russian President signed an agreement on Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance with Abkhazian and South Ossetian de-facto Presidents. "We will provide all kinds of assistance to each other, including a military one." - Medvedev said.

Russian troops leave Samegrelo
8
october
Russian troops leave Samegrelo

In the morning Russian troops leave the checkpoints near South Ossetia as well as those situated in Samegrelo. In Samegrelo Russian troops withdraw from villages situated in Tsalenjikha, Chkhorotsku and Zugdidi district. According to media, Russian military convoys were headed to Gali district via Enguri bridge.

Aborted negotiations
15
october
Aborted negotiations

On October 15 Geneva talks were stopped and postponed.

$4.55 billion for Georgia
22
october
$4.55 billion for Georgia

Georgia's partner countries and international donors allocated a total of $4.55 billion to Georgia for post-war rehabilitation efforts.

Law on Occupied Territories
23
october
Law on Occupied Territories

Georgian Parliament passed a Law on Abkhazian and South Ossetian Occupied Territories. The Law restricts free movement and economic activities in those territories. Foreign nationals are allowed to enter those territories only from the Georgian-controlled areas.

Second round of Geneva talks
19
november
Second round of Geneva talks

Second round of Geneva talks took place with the participation of representatives of Georgia, Russia, United States and also two separatist regions with the mediation of EU, UN and OSCE.

127 thousand people fled their homes
24
december
127 thousand people fled their homes

127 thousand people were forced to flee their homes due to the August War. "About 73 thousand of them will likely be able to return to their houses before winter" - UNHCR reports.

2009

Human Rights Watch report on August War
23
january
Human Rights Watch report on August War

Human Rights Watch called on Russia and Georgia to investigate facts of "violation of rules of warfare". In its 200 page report the organization noted that Russia and Georgia used indiscriminate and disproportionate force, whereas South Ossetian forces deliberately destroyed Georgian villages.-

Resolution by Parliamentary Assembly of Council of Europe
28
january
Resolution by Parliamentary Assembly of Council of Europe

The Resolution urges Russia to change its decision on recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Parliamentary Assembly condemns "Russia's illegal military presence and construction of new military bases in the breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia." The Resolution also condemns "ethnic cleansing and other human rights violations in South Ossetia," criticizes Georgian Law on Occupied Territories and urges Tbilisi to implement recommendations presented by Venice Commission.

First meeting in Ergneti
23
april
First meeting in Ergneti

The first post-war meeting between Georgian, South Ossetian and Russian sides attended by OSCE and EU observers took place in the village of Ergneti. The parties agreed to create a 24 hour hot-line in order to be able to immediately contact each other.

Resolution by Parliamentary Assembly of Council of Europe on The consequences of the war between Georgia and Russia
29
april
Resolution by Parliamentary Assembly of Council of Europe on The consequences of the war between Georgia and Russia

Resolution urges Russia and breakaway South Ossetia's authorities to ensure voluntary return of all internally displaced persons in safety and dignity. "Intent to cleanse the territory from ethnic Georgians is quite obvious," - the Resolution reads. However, "there is clear evidence of destruction of civilian sites and Ossetians' houses by Georgian armed forces during the war."

OSCE Mission in Georgia is shut down
30
june
OSCE Mission in Georgia is shut down

OSCE Mission that had unarmed observers in Tskhinvali stopped its activities in Georgia. Only EU Monitoring Mission observers remained in the conflict zone, who have no access to South Ossetia.

Start of borderization
2
august
Start of borderization

Russian soldiers mark territory near the village of Kveshi (Gori district) with posts with the intention of moving the de-facto border.

412 Dead
25
september
412 Dead

412 Georgian citizens, including 228 civilians, 170 soldiers and 14 police officers were killed during the war. 10 soldiers and 14 police officers are considered to be missing in action. Besides, one Dutch and two Georgian reporters also died during the conflict.

Investigative Report on August War
30
september
Investigative Report on August War

Report by Head of 2008 August War EU Fact-Finding Mission Heidi Tagliavini is published. Tagliavini didn't consider the arguments according to which Russia had started a large-scale military invasion of Georgia before August 8 sufficiently plausible. According to the Mission Report, it's impossible to "lay the whole responsibility on only one party."

2010

Moscow's agreement with Sukhumi
17
february
Moscow's agreement with Sukhumi

The document is valid for 49 years and it can be automatically extended for another 15 years. According to Russian sources, there were up to 1,700 Russian troops in Abkhazia at that point.

Russia's agreement with Tskhinvali
7
april
Russia's agreement with Tskhinvali

The agreement was made for a period of 49 years. The agreement envisages use of united Russian military base for ensuring the Republic's "sovereignty and security", including resistance to international terrorist groups.

Russia's absolute control over Tskhnivali
7
june
Russia's absolute control over Tskhnivali

International Crisis Group Report reads: "Number of Russian troops already makes up 1/6 of the region's declining population. More than half of the South Ossetian government is appointed by Moscow and 99% of the republic's budget is filled in by Russia. There are about 3,000-4,500 Russian soldiers in South Ossetia, plus 900 border patrol officers representing Russian Federal Security Service.

Georgian Action Plan
3
july
Georgian Action Plan

Georgian government approved "Engagement Strategy Action Plan", which included four dimensions: humanitarian, human, social and economic. The Action Plan envisaged introduction of seven "mechanisms": Coordination mechanism with neutral status; neutral ID cards and travel documents; Trust Fund; Joint Investment Fund; Cooperation Agency; Financial Institute and integrated social-economic zone. Tskhinvali and Sukhumi ignored the document, therefore it practically never worked.

Resumption of demarcation works
29
september
Resumption of demarcation works

Tbilisi accused Moscow of "moving the occupation line" through annexing Shida Kartli territories. According to the statement issued by Georgian Ministry of the Interior, at least 30 hectares of agricultural lands were appropriated near five villages situated next to the administrative border. EUMM confirmed that the demarcation line that the Russian forces drew coincided with the administrative border of the Soviet-era former Autonomous District of South Ossetia.

Russian occupation forces left the village of Perevi
18
october
Russian occupation forces left the village of Perevi

Russian military forces withdrew from the village of Perevi (Sachkhere district). Russian forces deployed in the village controlled the local road, which connected a nearby South Ossetian village with the rest of the separatist region.

Georgia's pledge on non-use of force
23
november
Georgia's pledge on non-use of force

During a session in European Parliament President Saakashvili said he was ready to offer a unilateral initiative and pledge that Georgia would never use force in order to restore control over the occupied territories.

Sukhumi and Tskhinvali pledge to refrain from use of force
6
december
Sukhumi and Tskhinvali pledge to refrain from use of force

Leaders of separatist Abkhazia and South Ossetia Sergei Baghapsh and Eduard Kokoiti said they were ready to pledge to refrain from use of force against Tbilisi.

2011

Report of the Human Rights Watch
15
july
Report of the Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch published a report about the violation of ethnic Georgians' rights living in Gali district by breakaway Abkhazia's authorities. Report pointed out "discriminatory" system of granting civil and political rights, restriction of freedom of movement and access to Georgian-language education. According to the report, there was no streamlined system of registering the returned IDPs. At this moment 45,000-47,000 spontaneously returned ethnic Georgians live in Gali district.

Tuvalu recognized Abkhazia's and South Ossetia's independence
23
september
Tuvalu recognized Abkhazia's and South Ossetia's independence

Sukhumi and Tskhinvali announced establishment of diplomatic relations with Tuvalu.

European Court accepted Georgia's lawsuit against Russia
20
december
European Court accepted Georgia's lawsuit against Russia

Georgia accuses Russia of violating eight articles of European Convention on Human Rights: Right to life; Prohibition of torture or inhumane and degrading treatment; Right to liberty and security; Right to respect for private and family life; Right to effective remedy; Protection of property; Right to education and Freedom of movement. Russia deems all these accusations groundless. Up to 2,000 individual lawsuits concerning the August War are also waiting to be considered by European Court of Human Rights, some of them are against Georgia. Georgia accuses Russia and separatist forces under its control of indiscriminate and disproportionate attacks that were directed against civilians and their property in Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

2012

Abkhazian side suspended its participation in Gali meetings
24
april
Abkhazian side suspended its participation in Gali meetings

Abkhazian side refused to participate in Incident Prevention and Response Mechanism (IPRM) meeting. IPRM was formed during the Geneva talks and it includes a hotline instrument for quick exchange of information.

2013

Fears of "Georgianization" in Abkhazia
13
may
Fears of "Georgianization" in Abkhazia

Sukhumi suspended issuing of Abkhazian passports to ethnic Georgians living in the breakaway region fearing "Georgianization" of Abkhazia.

Barbed wire on the dividing line
27
may
Barbed wire on the dividing line

At the end of May Russian occupation forces resumed building barbed wire fences on other sections of South Ossetia's administrative border. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia stated that it was a flagrant violation of August 12, 2008 ceasefire agreement.

Tbilisi offers direct dialogue to Sukhumi and Tskhinvali
8
august
Tbilisi offers direct dialogue to Sukhumi and Tskhinvali

"Tbilisi is ready for direct talks with Abkhaz and Ossetian brothers. Georgia should have enough strength to forgive and also recognize its mistakes." - Prime Minister of Georgia Bidzina Ivanishvili said.

2014

Building of barbed wire fences resumed
25
february
Building of barbed wire fences resumed

Russian occupation forces resumed illegal construction of barbed wire fences along South Ossetia's administrative border near the villages of Ghogheti and Atotsi (Kareli district).

Tuvalu changes its decision on recognizing Abkhazia's and South Ossetia's independence
31
march
Tuvalu changes its decision on recognizing Abkhazia's and South Ossetia's independence

Georgia and Tuvalu establish diplomatic relations. The island nation retracts its 2011 decision on recognition of Georgia's breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

Agreement between Moscow and Sukhumi
24
november
Agreement between Moscow and Sukhumi

Before the talks with new Abkhazian President Raul Khajimba Putin said that Russia would double its assistance to Sukhumi; Abkhazia is essentially dependent on Russia politically, economically and militarily.

2015

Agreement between Moscow and Tskhinvali
18
march
Agreement between Moscow and Tskhinvali

Russian President Vladimir Putin and South Ossetia's de-facto President Leonid Tibilov signed an agreement on "Alliance and Integration" in Moscow. Putin said that according to the 25 year agreement, "certain units of South Ossetian Republic's armed forces and security structures will be integrated into Russian Federation's armed forces and security structures."

Crawling border
24
july
Crawling border

Russian military forces mark one more section near Georgia's east-west highway.

2016

Investigation of 2008 War
27
january
Investigation of 2008 War

International Criminal Court (ICC) Prosecutor launches investigation of the military crimes against humanity that took place in Georgia before 2008 August War, during the War and after its end (period between July 1, 2008 till October 10, 2008). On October 10, 2008 Russia withdrew its forces from the areas it had occupied outside separatist South Ossetia.

Murder of Giga Otkhozoria
19
may
Murder of Giga Otkhozoria

Abkhaz gunman murdered an unarmed Georgian citizen Giga Otkhozoria near Khurcha-Nabakevi checkpoint in Zugdidi district. Footage from a nearby surveillance camera captured the murder scene. The footage was published on the internet. De-facto Military Prosecutor's Office of Abkhazia said it had launched a criminal case against Abkhazian border patrol officer, who was suspected of murdering the Georgian citizen.

Gali meetings resumed
27
may
Gali meetings resumed

Parties met each other in Gali for the first time in four years. Sukhumi and Tbilisi agreed to resume talks under Incident Prevention and Response Mechanism (IPRM) during the Geneva talks.

2017

Sukhumi shuts down two out of four border checkpoints
25
january
Sukhumi shuts down two out of four border checkpoints

About 200 people living in the Gali district protested against shutting down of two border checkpoints (Nabakevi-Khurcha and Otobaia-Orsantia) near the Abkhazian administrative border.

Military agreement between Moscow and Tskhinvali
31
march
Military agreement between Moscow and Tskhinvali

According to the military agreement signed between Moscow and Tskhinvali, military units of the separatist region are integrated in the Russian armed forces. Georgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs says that "it is the continuation of actual annexation of Abkhazia and Tskhinvali region by Russia."

UN Resolution
1
june
UN Resolution

UN General Assembly adopted the Resolution initiated by Georgia, which once again recognizes the right of all IDPs to return in breakaway Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

Continuation of Russian annexation
26
july
Continuation of Russian annexation

A new law-enforcement structure is formed in Tskhinvali - Moscow and Tskhinvali jointly establish a common Information/coordination Center for units of the so-called Ministry of the Interior. Police officers of the Center are appointed by Moscow.

Prohibition of Georgian-language education
26
july
Prohibition of Georgian-language education

Authorities of de-facto South Ossetia prohibit Georgian-language education in the region's Georgian schools from 2017-2018 academic year. This change concerns six schools in Akhalgori district, one school situated in Kareli district's occupied area and one school in Sachkhere district's occupied area. According to this decree, Georgian students living in South Ossetia will learn Georgian language as a separate subject.

of Eredvi village
15
september
of Eredvi village

Authorities of occupied South Ossetia decide to "clean" the territory of Eredvi village from Georgian houses. Up to 1,000 people lived in the village of Eredvi before 2008 Russian-Georgian War. Georgian authorities assessed this as a continuation of "genocide" and "ethnic cleansing".

2018

Murder of Archil Tatunashvili
22
february
Murder of Archil Tatunashvili

Archil Tatunashvili traded fruit and vegetables in Akhalgori district. On February 22 he was detained in Akhalgori. Local authorities accused him of participating in the genocide of Ossetians, working for Georgian security services and preparing acts of sabotage. According to Tskhinvali, Tatunashvili attempted to take a firearm from a police officer, during the struggle he fainted, fell down the stairs and died in the hospital from a heart attack. Tskhinvali delayed handing over Tatunashvili's body for 26 days. Forensic examination showed that Tatunashvili's body had more than 100 wounds, which indicates that he was tortured. Mtskheta Court tried South Ossetian so-called law-enforcement officers accused of illegal detention and group torturing of Tatunashvili in absentia and sentenced them to imprisonment.

05/05/2014

The project is a collaboration between INDIGO Publishing and GCRT – The Georgian Centre for Psychosocial And Medical Rehabilitation of Torture Victims.

Oral histories are recorded from people, who faced the Russo-Georgian war in 2008 in the villages near dividing line, IDP settlements and in the city of Gori.

Author

Nino Lomadze

Journalists

Maradia Tsaava, Mariam Abesadze, Nino Lomadze

Author of the Timeline

Paata Zakareishvili

Photo

Tako Robakidze

Films

Salome Jashi, Nino Orjonikidze
and Vano Arsenishvili,
Aleqsander Koridze, Marika Ejibia

Editor

Nino Japiashvili

Project
Director

Lela Tsiskarishvili

Art Director

Giorgi Tsotskolauri

Web Developer

David Makaridze

English Translations

Sopo Japaridze, Giorgi Maghularia, Ana Adamia

English Text Editor

Shawn Basey, Will King

Spell Checker

Nino Saitidze

Sound Design

Mariam Abesadze

In stories, as well as on photos some names of the persons are changed, upon the request of the heroes.

People on the photographs are not the heroes of the stories.

Special thanks to Nino Baloyan, GCRT's coordinator at the Gori office, Nana Mshvidobadze, Taso Chkheidze, Lia Chlachidze, Nana Kakhniashvili, Merab Antadze, Tamar Babuadze.

Seconds Before the War / The sound story section

Natalie Beridse

Technical Coordinator

Alexandre Mamasakhlisi

The project was carried out with the support of Open Society Georgia Foundation.

The opinions expressed in the project by the author / authors may not express the position of the foundation. Consequently, the Foundation is not responsible for the content of the project.